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1886 BENZ 3-WHEELER











1886 Benz 3-Wheeler
3/4 hp, 9,700cc, horizontally mounted single-cylinder engine, belt primary drive and chain final drive transmission, rear leaf spring suspension and a mechanical transmission brake. It is a frequently disputed point as to who conceived the first motor car driven by an internal combustion engine. However, there is no contention that the creator of the first truly successful car was Karl Benz. By 1880, Benz had made a working two-stroke engine and within a few years he set up a company he called Benz und Cie: Rheinische Gasmotorenfabrik at Mannheim. At the close of 1885, he had produced a single cylinder four-stroke gas engine and fitted it to a tubular framed three-wheeled carriage that he designed specifically for his engine. This first Benz had two driven rear wheels powered by a horizontally mounted single-cylinder engine that developed 3/4 horsepower. Amazingly, a speed of 8 mph was recorded on one of the very first runs. Undoubtedly and understandably, the first Benz vehicles were somewhat primitive in design, even so, they still incorporated many features that were revolutionary at their time, such as electric ignition, a mechanically operated inlet valve and a differential gear. Karl Benz took out a patent for his car on January 30, 1886, and by the spring of that year, the Benz could be seen on the streets of Mannheim. Throughout 1886 and 1887 Benz further developed his design, eventually making his first sale in 1887. The 1886 Benz offered here is an exact replica produced by the prominent UK firm, John Bentley Engineering. Considered to be the most authentic recreation of the first working design of Benz, these vehicles were made between 1986 and 1997. As a testament to their acceptance in the car world, Mercedes-Benz of Stuttgart acquired the final group of cars produced. As the 1886 Benz is considered to be the cornerstone of the entire automotive industry, a replica of this caliber would be an outstanding addition to any great collection of automobiles.